MDP or MDF? Find the differences and know which one to use

Are you in doubt if you use MDP or MDF on the furniture in your home? Know that they are quality products and that make your furniture even more outstanding. There is no one who does not find a mobile worked on one of these plates beautiful.

However, before choosing between one product and another, it is necessary to assess what is special about the MDF and the MDP. All two have advantages and disadvantages that should influence the type of furniture chosen.

While the MDP may be very good for straight furniture and plans, the MDF gains more efficiency if used in the finishes. The important thing is to know which will value your furniture and the environment of your home.

To help you in this process, we prepare this post with the information that will make you understand what MDP and MDF are, what its advantages, disadvantages, what differs from each other and where each of them should be used. Follow us!

What is MDP?

MDP - Medium Density Particleboard is a type of screen formed in layers of wood. They are two thinner layers on the surfaces, but the one that is positioned in the middle is thicker.

The fact of having these three layers, makes the material have the strongest structure. Therefore, it is a product that supports more weight. However, this same composition allows the material to be lighter.

What is MDF?

MDF - Medium Density Fiberboard is a type of screen that has medium density. Its composition is made from the agglomeration of synthetic resin with wood fiber, among other additives.

To make an MDF it is necessary to use the resin to glue the wood boards that are fixed with pressure and form a single layer. Because of this, the material becomes more resistant.

What are the differences between MDP and MDF?

MDP or MDF sheet

Many people get confused with MDP and MDF because they are very similar materials. However, there are some differences between the two that help identify what each is. Check out!

  • While the MDP needs 3 layers of wood for its formation, the MDF uses only wood fibers that form only one layer;
  • The MDP has medium density agglomerate and the MDF has medium density fiber board;
  • The MDP uses pieces of wood that have been reforested compactly and the MDF have in their composition the compressed fibers of woods such as eucalyptus and pine;
  • The MDP has structural strength that leaves the material lighter and more resistant when the product is warped or bolted. The MDF is a more uniform product, but more dense and flat. Therefore, you will hardly be able to bind an MDF;
  • While MDP is most suitable for the use of furniture that is straight and that receives more weight. The MDF is best used in parts that have rounded corners or in the finish of products;
  • While the MDP takes more weight, the MDF does not support as much;
  • However, MDP does not withstand friction too much and MDF more easily withstands abrasion;
  • The MDP takes much longer to swell, in contrast the MDF tends to expand rapidly.

What are the advantages of MDP?

If you are interested in using MDP on your furniture, see which are the main advantages of using this type of material.

  • The MDP gets better the screws because the particles that are in its interior are very thick, fixing the screw and resisting the pressure;
  • The material is very light and subject to warping;
  • MDP is the most widely used material in developed countries;
  • The product is also the kind of industrialized wood plaque that most people consume in the world;
  • Very used in the manufacture of residential and commercial furniture;
  • It is a kind of economical material;
  • Resistant to moisture;
  • Resistant to friction;

What are the disadvantages of MDP?

  • It is not waterproof, but has a lot of moisture resistance;
  • May have imperfections;
  • The MDP looks like the old cluster that is of inferior material. So this can hurt when people are researching about the material.

What are the advantages of MDF?

  • Its surface is smooth;
  • It's okay to paint because you get the paint very well;
  • The plate can be cut in all directions by without good malleability;
  • You can use quietly in the finishes, since the material is perfect for this;
  • The plate is very stable;
  • The material can be varnished;
  • Wallpaper can be used on the MDF;
  • Resist temperature variation.

What are the disadvantages of MDF?

  • The resin that attaches the fibers has a carcinogenic material;
  • It is a heavy plate, since a thickness of 0.63 cm can weigh up to 45 kg;
  • Due to the high glue content of the MDF, the hand tools may weaken;
  • The MDF can split at the time you are screwing;
  • Maintenance of MDF is high;
  • The material is sensitive to heat.

Where to use MDP?

MDP can be used on furniture in general. However, the product should have the shape in straight lines to hold the weight on it and avoid buckling in some specific areas.

The most suitable is to use it on doors, beds, partitions, cabinets, shelves, tops, panels and drawers. But there is no impediment in the use of furniture. However, it is necessary to respect its structural limitations.

MDP plates can also be used in damp environments such as the bathroom and kitchen. However, it is necessary to seal all its edges to ensure that the material will not come undone.

In cases of leakage, the material will probably be damaged, since no material is immune to the direct action of the water in its entirety. For use on balconies, the material is only recommended in cases where the space is totally enclosed or covered.

In MDP manufacture the sheet is overheated, ensuring that when transporting the material to your home, it is not contaminated by insects. However, if you have termite or mold in your home, you can achieve MDP.

Where to use MDF?

Where to use the MDF

The MDF is widely used in kitchen cabinets, bathrooms, bedroom, tables, homes, among others. The fact that the plate is very smooth and smooth at the same time, helps when painting the material.

You can use the MDF to make furniture in more detail like rounded corners, drawer puller in the drawers or make a rip on surfaces to leave it with a differentiated detail.

While not having much resistance to water, the material can be used in kitchens and bathrooms. Just be careful that the product does not have too much contact with the moisture as it can be damaged.

MDF is not suitable for outdoor use that leaves the product exposed to the sun, rain and wind. If you use them in these environments, the material over time will fade, damaging the structure of the product and its durability.

In our article you realized that the MDF and MDP are completely different plates and should be used in different environments. However, care should be taken when using them in humid environments.

Now the choice between MDP or MDF should be at your discretion. See what is best suited to your home environment and that suits your needs. One thing is certain, both MDF and MDP make your mobile even more beautiful.