The lighting design is the study of artificial lighting in order to reconcile the function of each environment, whether internal or external, providing functionality, beauty and saving of electrical energy for construction. This last characteristic is the most relevant, after all, the excessive use of lamps means extra expenses and waste of energy.
It is very important to hire a professional of the area to assist in the task of choosing the luminaires and calculate exactly the amount of light required for each environment, ensuring the necessary comfort. This responsible takes into consideration the tastes of the residents, always showing the project proposals so that the lighting can better enjoy the place without losing its identity.
An important tip is to start the project at the time of construction, because this way there is greater flexibility for changes, besides being able to work together with the natural light of the surroundings. So when it is to carry out the project, it should contain the site plan and specifications of lamps, luminaires and electrical points.
Efficient lighting is one that also works in favor of the decoration proposal: it can be used to create scenarios, highlight some element, sectorize environments, define areas of circulation, value some detail, such as a coating or a frame on the wall .
Because it is a versatile design, its use will depend on the tasks developed in the environment, its area, the layout of the furniture and the colors used to provide different sensations such as: warmth, balance and even well-being through chromotherapy.
Today, LED bulbs are the best alternatives in terms of economy, durability and quality. Despite the high investment, these are the models with the best cost x benefit. If you opt for LED lamps, look for yellows up to 3000k for rooms, bedrooms and dining rooms. Use the 4000k white for kitchens and bathrooms.
Know the main types of lighting
Before knowing the types of lighting, the ideal is to understand what the main purpose of the environment. There are places where the amount of lighting calls for more care, for example, a doctor's office. Already a place with informal use, such as a warehouse, the function is to achieve an illumination without worrying about its appearance. For a hotel, aesthetics are essential: lights should draw attention to customers' interest in that location. So it is very important to know what type of lighting will be used to start a good lighting project.
Although the traditional thing is to install the lamp in the center of the ceiling of a room, there are other ways of positioning them. Each proposal and environment calls for a specific type of lighting, which can be diffuse, direct or indirect. Following are the three main types of lighting for lighting projects.
The direct model, as the name itself already says, is where light strikes directly on some specific point. For example: a lamp or table lamp illuminating a worktable or a bedside table.
Very common in plaster linings, the light reflects on the white surface and is distributed through the environment, allowing to create more intimate environments.
This kind of lighting is one that evenly distributes light into the environment. So it is widely used in rooms, bedrooms and bathrooms.
Inspirations for lighting projects
To better understand, see in practice how to incorporate this study into some architectural projects just below:
Picture 1 - The plaster linings are great for a good project of lighting technology.
In the above design, we can observe the use of indirect lighting with the help of the liner. This is one of the most requested bets in the decoration, since the light leaves these tears in the sealed plaster. The spots also complement the lighting with a uniform distribution throughout the environment.
Picture 2 - For the Home Office: the tubular lamp is a great bet.
Because it is longer, it can travel light across the entire length of the workbench.
Picture 3 - Invest in a highlight lighting for the facade.
Besides the composition of the materials, valuing the facade at night is very important. One option is to bet on floor beacons to highlight circulation with 3000k LED bulbs that have low power consumption and last longer.
Picture 4 - Great option for bedroom lighting.
The LED tapes behind the headboard are charming, as well as being ideal for those who do not want to light the lining at night.
Picture 5 - Lighting for bathroom.
Look for a more uniform and intense illumination. Install a main luminaire that distributes light throughout the space and place decorative lighting next to the counter in front of the mirror. In this case, avoid bulbs that create shadows because they disturb the view.
Picture 6 - The lighting of dressing room is ideal to compose the scene of makeup, besides having a decorative function in the environment.
Image 7 - LED tapes behind the mirror.
This technique is very common to decorate bathrooms, as they give the impression that the mirror floats on the wall. The look is lighter and leaves the room with adequate lighting.
Figure 8 - Indirect light for office.
This type of wall-mounted lighting is perfect for this type of location, since the incidence does not occur directly on the computer screen, which can cause some discomfort and leave the environment more tiring.
Image 9 - Tears in the plaster allow a design in the lining and bring beauty to the environment.
Picture 10 - Lighting for home theater or movie theater.
For the lighting design of these rooms you need to consider the location of the television and prevent the lights from reflecting on the screen, which can disrupt the time of watching the TV or a movie. In this environment, prefer indirect lighting, which makes the environment more comfortable visually.
Image 11 - Work also with wood lining.
This type of lining is elegant and leaves the environment more welcoming due to its material. In this project, the liner can delimit the environments, without forming a single large room. The various lighting points vary from the rails to the open light wood molding, which further enhances the composition of the materials in the ceiling.
Picture 12 - White light for the bathroom.
The area of the mirror should have good lighting, preferably with white light, leaving the space better illuminated and closer to reality, making the area ideal for makeup.
Image 13 - The profile of the resident is very important in the choice of luminaires.
In a living room with coffee tables or corner tables, the lighting points can be focused on these objects. In addition to forming a beautiful composition, they help in lighting the environment.
Picture 14 - Light embedded in the joinery.
An important point of the lighting design are the lights installed in the wardrobe, which helps when choosing the piece. On the shelves, the lighting can highlight decorative objects such as books, vases and pictures.
Image 15 - Being a resident who uses little kitchen, the bet was in a more intimate lighting.
In this proposal of lighting for the kitchen, the idea was to invest in pendants on the table: giving a more intense lighting to the area, with comfort for the meals held on the bench.
Picture 16 - The light traces in the wood lining value the decoration of the room.
The ambience still has yellow lamps, which bring more charm to the decorative proposal and the feeling of coziness due to the color temperature of the lamps.
Picture 17 - The lighting can still highlight the wall cladding.
Figure 18 - Electrified rails are a great option for rented homes.
That way there is no need to break any building structure, the result is a house with a lighting project thought out of your needs.
Picture 19 - The lights installed under the steps make the look lighter and more elegant.
Image 20 - The tear in the lining allows the incidence of an indirect lighting in the area of the bathroom countertop.
Picture 21 - Decorative lighting for the kitchen.
The lighting in this project values all the details of the environment, such as colors, furniture and materials. The softer lighting is due to the rails of spots directed to the cooking area, the joinery and the appliances.
Picture 22 - Lighting for baby room.
LED dots are a great choice for a baby's room, as they take all the playful air the environment needs. In addition, the washers play a great role in facilitating the activities of changing clothes, diapers and other things.
Picture 23 - Neon lights are the latest trend in decoration.
Picture 24 - For the rooms, bet on the dimmers.
This environment demands comfort and coziness, so using a light intensity meter is interesting depending on your activity. After all, the room is a place of relaxation, but it can also be a place of work. For general lighting, it is recommended to use luminaires with incandescent lamps. Lamps and lamps with yellowish-colored lamps help to make the environment more intimate.
Image 25 - The lighting in yellow color was ideal for composing with the wooden panel.
Image 26 - Two-way washers create a decorative effect on the wall.
Image 27 - Light the carpentry niches with the LED spots.
Image 28 - Getting around the furniture is an alternative to highlight them in the environment.
Picture 29 - Lighting wires are ideal for a children's room and create a very light illumination for the environment.
Picture 30 - In the kitchen, look for diffused and uniform lighting.
See that in addition to the spots that illuminate the meal counter, the kitchen has a single point of light that seeks to illuminate the interior environment equally. The lamps indicated are white, since the space needs intense and clear lighting. And since this project has an integrated dining room, the ideal is to create a more social atmosphere with the use of pendants on the dining table, leaving the modern environment and ensuring that the entire table receives great lighting.
Picture 31 - The LED filament lamp or retro LED refers to the idea of incandescent light bulbs, but saving up to 10 times less energy consumed.
This type of lamp is ideal to be used in cascade style, attached to a base forming pendant lamps. There is a very similar model that is the one of carbon filament, however, its consumption is much greater, which entails in more heat than luminosity.
Image 32 - Light up the stairs.
Picture 33 - For integrated environments, try to harmonize with the same look of luminaires and color temperature.
In this project above, we can observe the use of lighting rails that cover all the integrated environments. The variation between white and yellow light is acceptable: in these cases, use luminaires of the same format.
Image 34 - Choose long and indirect lighting fixtures in the corridor.
Image 35 - Lighting for desktop.
The direction of the lights and the illuminance are of extreme importance to leave the environment more suitable for the development of the activity. In this proposal, white direct illumination was used in wall washers that are close to the work bench. To avoid mistakes in the design, take into account the positioning of the computer and the lamps, so that the light does not reflect on the equipment screen.
Image 36 - The purpose of the spots is to highlight the objects present on each shelf.
Image 37 - Decorative lighting for the hallway.
In this proposal, the architectural composition and the lighting technician work together. The hallway with brick wall and lining help give a feeling of a longer environment, while the light that contours this surface highlights the circulation.
Image 38 - Spots and LED wires decorate this ladder.
Picture 39 - The lighting allows to highlight even more the design of this lining.
Image 40 - Living room with diffused lighting.
This type of lighting is ideal for the room as the light spreads evenly throughout the room. In this proposal, diffuse and white lighting was installed in the plaster tears. Direct lighting relies on spots to illuminate the frame on the wall.
Image 41 - Corridor with indirect light.
Picture 42 - Washers decorate yet another nursery.
Picture 43 - In addition to the spots, this room has a directional light, allowing the illumination of any corner of this environment.
Image 44 - The plaster lining can prioritize an illumination for each type of activity.
A child's room should take into account all the activities that children take in this environment. In the above project, the spots work as main illumination, while the secondary ones reinforce the other functions of children in this room, such as reading at the bedside and studying at the small table in the middle of the room.
Image 45 - Plaster slats function as a decorative item and as lighting lining.
Image 46 - Industrial decoration goes beyond materials.
Image 47 - Lighting for clean room.
Image 48 - Living room with diffused and indirect lighting.
The priority in this project is to highlight the lighting lining, leaving the lighting cleaner in the center of the room.
Image 49 - The spots must be positioned according to the layout of the environment.
Image 50 - Corporate lighting.
In addition to the traditional linings, the office should rely on luminaires mainly at workstations.
Image 51 - The contrast of the black in the decoration with the yellow light leaves the modern and intimate atmosphere.
Image 52 - Intimate lighting for living room.
For this proposal work with a specific lighting to enhance the furniture and decoration that harmonizes with the coatings.
Picture 53 - Because it is a room benefiting from natural light, the details of the lighting project are due to the shelf with LED strips that stand out in the environment.
Image 54 - Lighting for integrated living room and kitchen.
Plaster is the best way to integrate two or more environments, since a single material can harmonize this connection. In the above design, in the recessed gypsum lining, yellow built-in lamps have been installed that reflect light in the curtains and the lining.
Picture 55 - Play with the height of linings and lamps.
Image 56 - Mix different types of rails in the same environment.
In this way it is possible to create a more daring decoration in the environment, leaving a little of the traditional and diversifying in the types of luminaires and types of finishes.
Image 57 - Apply decorative lighting in the room.
The lighting highlights the pictures on the wall and highlights the bluish tones of artwork. LED hoses installed in the joinery take more sophistication to the design of this living room.
Image 58 - In the dining area, a pendant illuminates and enhances the area when used by the residents.
Image 59 - Reconcile natural lighting in your lighting project.
It would be impossible not to take advantage of natural light in this space, since it has many windows in its extension. Even so, it is ideal to apply some light bulbs on the edges of the environment, making artificial lighting warm and more intimate. In addition, the spots on the floor further enhance the slatted wood panel and determine the area of circulation.
Image 60 - Corridor with lighting rail.
Rails are also great items for runners because they are long and flexible, such as the size of that space. In this case, as the closet is integrated into the bedroom, the rail can direct the lamps according to your need, facilitating from the change of clothes until the moment of the makeup.